STOCKHOLM: Number of nuclear warheads in the world has declined in the past year but nations are modernizing their resources, a report published on Monday said.
According to estimates in a new report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), at the start of 2019, Britain, China, India, Pakistan, France, Russia, the United States, Israel and North Korea had a total of some 13,865 nuclear weapons.
That represents a decline of 600 nuclear weapons compared to the start of 2018.
In comparison of 2018 it signifies a decline of 600 nuclear weapons.
All nuclear weapon-possessing countries are updating these arms, and Pakistan, China and India are also increasing the size of their arsenals.
The fall down in current years can primarily be credited to the US and Russia, whose combined arsenals still make up more than 90 per cent of the world’s nuclear weapons.
This is in part due to the countries satisfying their responsibilities under the New START treaty — which puts a cap on the number of deployed warheads and was signed by the US and Russia in 2010 — as well as dismissal of outdated warheads from the Cold War era.
The START treaty is however due to expire in 2021, which Kile said was worrying since there are currently “no serious discussions under way about extending it”.
Next year the treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) — considered the foundation of the world’s nuclear order — turns 50.